Learn the daily used English vocabulary words for purchase and sales

Vocabulary is promordial in order to improve your TOEFL score. Remember, Preparation is the key to succeed !

Vocabulary

Explication

Example

To sell

to transfer (goods) to or render (services) for another in exchange for money

He wanted to sell the car to me for $1000.

To buy / to purchase

to acquire the possession of, or the right to, by paying or promising to pay an equivalent, especially in money

You shouldn’t have to buy this t-shirt. It’s too short!

To get / receive ( a letter, parcel )

to obtain, buy, or earn something

He went to the shop to get some milk.

To send

to cause something to go from one place to another, especially by post or email

Could you send a reply to them as quickly as possible?

To dispatch ( a parcel / an  order )

to send something, especially goods or a message, somewhere for a particular purpose:

Two loads of cloth were dispatched to the factory on 12 December.

To ship

a large boat for travelling on water, especially across the sea

They boarded (= went on to) a ship that was sailing (= leaving) the next day.

To load

the amount of weight carried, especially by a vehicle, a structure such as a bridge, or an animal

The maximum load for this elevator is eight persons.

To unload

to remove the contents of something, especially a load of goods from a vehicle, the bullets from a gun or the film from a camera

We watched a ship unloading 5 tons of wood.

To charter

to rent a vehicle, especially an aircraft, for a special use and not as part of a regular service

They’ve chartered a plane to take delegates to the conference

A charter plane

A plane which is hired for use by a particular person or group and which is not part of a regular service.

Spending power

the degree to which people have money to buy products and services

The growth in employment and wages gives consumers some spending power to absorb the higher cost of energy.

A sales policy

a set of ideas or a plan of what to do in particular situations of sales that has been agreed to officially by a group of people, a business organization, a government, or a political party

If you won’t follow the sale policy otherwise you will have problems with the government.

Sales /sellings

the number of items sold.

Sales is also the department that sells a company’s products.

US car sales got off to a hot start in January.

Purchases

to buy something

Tickets must be purchased two weeks in advance

Selling price

the price at which something is sold

Agents tend to charge a percentage of the selling price.

Trade

the activity of buying and selling, or exchanging, goods and/or services between people or countries

The country’s trade in manufactured goods has expanded in the last ten years.

For sale

available for purchase

I renovated my entire apartment, so it will be ready on March for sale.

On sale

available for purchase but sometimes “on sale” means that items for sale are being sold at a price lower than normal

This weekend only: all computers are on sale at 20% off

An order form

a printed form that a customer uses to request goods or a service

If you want to buy it you have to fill fast the order form over there

A receipt

a piece of paper that proves that money, goods, or information have been received

Make sure you are given a receipt for everything you buy.

Upon receipt of invoice

a piece of paper that proves that money, goods, or information have been received in a form for enterprises

Please give upon receipt of invoice for my company for the charges.

A retailer

a person, shop, or business that sells goods to the public

Retailers have reported that consumer spending fell over the last 12 months.

The retail sales

sales of goods to the public rather than to businesses, stores, etc., often considered in relation to economic activity as a whole

Retail sales fell 0.3% in January.

A wholesaler

someone who buys and sells goods in large amounts to shops and businesses:

The store manager called the wholesaler to complain about the damaged goods that had been delivered.

A dealer

a person who trades in something

Belinda has always been interested in antiques and she became a dealer five years ago.

A rebate

an amount of money that is returned to you, especially by the government, for example when you have paid too much tax.

Also is  the discount money from purchase.

The salesman offered Karen a rebate on her new car.

A discount

a reduction in the usual price

They usually give you a discount if you buy multiple copies.

Mail order (sale )

a way of buying goods in which you choose what you want, usually from a catalogue, and it is sent to you

I often buy clothes by mail order.

To pay in full

pay completely

I was happy to pay the invoice in full and be free of debt.

A display

to arrange something or a collection of things so that it can be seen by the public

Family photographs were displayed on the wall.

A shopping  mall / shopping center

a group of stores with a common area for parking

There’s a little shopping center next door with a bank and a dry-cleaning place.

The amount

There’s a little shopping center next door with a bank and a dry-cleaning place.

They didn’t deliver the right amount of sand.

A bid

an offer of a particular amount of money for something that is for sale

I made a bid of $150 for the painting.

A takeover bid

n offer or attempt to take control of a company by buying enough of its shares to do this, or the amount of money offered

The company said it would consider a takeover bid.

Billing

the process of sending people bills asking them to pay money owed

The responsibilities for this job include communication with clients, billing, and filing documents.

To charge

to ask an amount of money for something, especially a service or activity

The bank charged commission to change my traveller’s cheques.

To charge for

to ask an amount of money for something, especially a service or activity

The bank charged commission to change my traveller’s cheques.

Charges

the amount of money that you have to pay for something, especially for an activity or service

Is in the zoo a charge for children or do they go free?

Commodity

a substance or product that can be traded, bought, or sold

The country’s most valuable commodities include diamonds

A consignment

an amount of goods that is sent somewhere

The most recent consignment of cloth was faulty.

To deliver

to take goods, letters, parcels, etc. to people’s houses or places of work

Mail is delivered to our office twice a day.

Delivery

the act of taking goods, letters, parcels, etc. to people’s houses or places of work

We get two deliveries of mail a day.

A draft

a piece of text, a formal suggestion, or a drawing in its original state, often containing the main ideas and intentions but not the developed form

This is only a rough draft – the finished article will have pictures too.

Handling

the way that someone deals with a situation or person

President Kennedy made his reputation with his handling of the Cuban missile crisis.

In bulk

something or someone that is very large

She eased her large bulk out of the chair.

To buy in bulk

To give money for something  in large quantities

I have five cats so I buy their food in bulk from the warehouse.

An invoice

itemized statement of charges

The invoice covered all charges for the month of March.

An item

One unit / one piece

There are three items in the basket. Can you guess what they are?

A lorry

large truck

Ken got a job driving lorries across the country.

The mailman (US) / postman (GB)

a man whose job is to deliver and collect letters, etc. that are sent by mail

Leave a note for the mailman that we’ll be away next week.

An order

A request to purchase something

I loved that shoes but they have to send them to me from China, which means that the order will take more than a week to arrive here.

To order

Make a request to buy something

I already found gifts for my children but I have to order them online.

To place an order ( GB)

To put in an order (US )

make request to purchase something

Please call the Chinese restaurant and place an order/put in an order for hot and sour soup.

To process an order

I can’t find a good definition

Out of stock

products that are out of stock are not available to buy in a store because they have all been sold

You will be notified by email if any part of your order is out of stock.

The storage room

walk-in cupboard/ place to put something

All my food cans are in the storage room.

A package

an object or set of objects wrapped in paper, usually in order to be sent by post

he courier has just delivered a package for you.

A parcel

an object or collection of objects wrapped in paper, especially so that it can be sent by post

I had to sign for the parcel when I collected it from the post office.

A quotation /  an estimate

a phrase or short piece of writing taken from a longer work of literature, poetry, etc. or what someone else has said

At the beginning of the book there’s a quotation from Abraham Lincoln.

A registered mail

a way to send a letter in which you pay extra to have a record of when it was delivered and who received it

We recommend that valuable items be sent by registered mail. The letter was really important so I sent it by registered mail.

A shipment

a large amount of goods sent together to a place, or the act of sending them

A shipment of urgent medical supplies is expected to arrive very soon.

To unload

to remove the contents of something, especially a load of goods from a vehicle, the bullets from a gun or the film from a camera

We watched a ship unloading (sacks of flour).

To Unpack

to remove things from a suitcase, bag, or box

I haven’t even had time to unpack (my suitcase/clothes).

To wrap

to cover or surround something with paper, cloth, or other material

She wrapped the present and tied it with ribbon.

Packaging

the materials in which objects are wrapped before being sold

All our packaging is biodegradable

                A fleet of vehicles

A big quantity of cars, trucks etc

Frank had to walk, as he didn’t have a vehicle.

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