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TOEFL ITP Vocabulary - Business Trips

Plan your business trips with these important English vocabulary words

Vocabulary

Definition

Example

Boarding

It is usually referred to that time when passengers are allowed to get onto a flight, train, bus etc.

Check the boarding time because I think it’s soon.

A boarding Pass

It is usually referred to that piece of paper which gives you access to board a flight, bus, train etc during the time of boarding.

I printed the boarding pass online so that we don’t have to stand in the queue.

To go on board / To board

To get onto a flight, ship, ferry, bus etc.

It’s time to board the flight. Nice to meet you Charles.

To get on / off a bus

To get on a bus means to board the bus in order to start your journey while to get off a bus means to get out of the bus as you might have reached your destination.

I shall now make a move as you got to get on to the bus now since it is almost time for departure.

Fare

Fare is usually referred to the cost of travelling in a flight, train, bus etc.

 Train fares are going up again.

Entry / Entrance fee

It is usually referred to the amount paid to have access to something.

The entry fee for that museum is 30$

 

 

 

Transportation

The movement of people or goods from one place to another

The company will arrange for transport from the airport.

Sightseeing

The activity of visiting interesting and beautiful places especially by tourists.

We did some Paris sightseeing.

To go sightseeing

It is referred to the plan of visiting interesting places especially by tourists.

We plan to go sightseeing tomorrow.

To go on holiday / vacation ( US )

It is normally referred to the break that someone takes or gets from work or school.

Have you decided where you're going for your Christmas holidays this year ?

A tour ( =  journey )

A visit to a place or an area, especially one during which you look around the place or area and learn about it

We went on a guided tour of the cathedral, museum and the factory.

A ride

Refers to an excursion on a bicycle, horse, or a motor cycle

Last weekend, I went on a ride on my bicycle.

To ride

To travel in a vehicle, such as a car, bus, or train

He doesn't have a car so he rides to work on the bus.

A trip ( journey )

A trip is usually referred to a short journey / travel of going somewhere, exploring places and discovering cultures.

We're going on a trip to Norway this summer.

A foreign travel

 Refers to going on a journey to a foreign country either for work or for pleasure.

Last year, the president of the company made six foreign travels in a vision to expand the business overseas.

Travel allowance

Referred to the expenses incurred during travel.

We were eligible to carry a travel allowance of max. 300 euros.

Abroad

To go abroad

 To go to a foreign country either for the purpose of travel, study or work.

 Last year, I went abroad for my higher studies and now, I managed finding a job over there.

Overseas

 Overseas also means international or foreign

Last year, we went on an overseas tour to India to learn more about the potential market over there.

Travel is …......

going somewhere, to a new place, to explore, to discover etc.

Let’s travel to Germany this winter.

A package tour

A holiday at a fixed price in which the tour agency arranges your travel, stay and food.

We bought a cheap package tour to Spain and stayed in a big hotel by the sea.

A passenger

Referred to the person travelling by a flight, train etc.

 All passengers travelling to New York please proceed to gate no. 5

The luggage / baggage :

The luggage /baggage is heavy .

One / a piece of luggage

Three pieces of luggage/baggage

Refers to the bags, suitcases, etc. that contain things and that you take with you when you are travelling

 We were having three check-in baggages on our trip to New York.

Baggage claim

An area in an airport where arriving passengers can collect their luggage.

 I hurried to the baggage claim to collect my luggage as my taxi had already arrived.

To retrieve

Means to find and bring back something

The airport authorities retrieved his lost luggages.

Left- luggage ( locker )

a cupboard, often tall and made of metal, in which you can keep your possessions, and leave them for a period of time

We had several hours to wait for our train, so we left our bags in a (luggage) locker, and went to look around the town.

Left-luggage

a place at a station, airport, etc. where you can leave your bags for a short time until you need them

I retrieved my bags from the left luggage office.

A direct flight

Refers to a single plane journey without connections

I paid extra for a direct flight from Lyon to London.

A connecting flight

Refers to a plane journey with one or more stops

 My flight to India is a connecting flight. I will have change planes at Abu Dhabi.

Connecting passenger

 Refers to passaengers travelling by a connecting flight.

This time round, I am not taking a direct flight. I will be a connecting passenger having to change planes twice.

A sea resort

Referred to a place where people can plan their holidays alongside a beach and which have beach related activities

I booked a sea resort to pass our summer.

A ski resort

Referred to a place with skiing facilities

Ski resorts are full in the christmass period

A round-trip flight

Refers to a to and fro plane journey

A round trip flight costs twice less than a one way flight.

A round-trip ticket

The ticket for a to and fro plane journey.

The price of a round trip ticket to Paris was 340$.

A one-way flight

entitles a passenger to travel only to his or her destination, without returning.

I booked a one way flight to London because I didn’t know when I would return.

A Non-stop flight

Refers to a direct flight ie; without any stops in between

I do non-stop flights because of my work.

A stopover

Refers to a short stay at a place that you may have while you are on a long journey to somewhere else.

Our tickets to Australia include a stopover for two nights in Singapore.

A route

Refers to a particular path or direction between places

The route that we decided on, took us right across Greece.

An airplane /a plane

Referred to a vehicle designed for air travel that has wings and one or more engines.

She has her own private airplane

An aircraft

Referred to a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.

military aircraft, helicopter etc

An airline carrier

Refers to a business that operates regular services for carrying passengers and/or goods by aircraft

Which airline did you fly with?

Airline ticket counter

Referred to the area at the airport where you show your tickets to get your boarding pass printed.

The Airline ticket counter would open three hours prior to flight departure.

Aisle

A long and narrow space between rows of seats in an aircraft

Would you like an aisle seat or would you prefer to be by the window?

Arrival and departure

Arrival refers to reaching your destination and departure refers to leaving for your destination.

The departure of the flight has been delayed by two hours on account of heavy fog.   

To book ( a room, a flight ; a seat )

Refers to reserve an accommodation, a place, etc. or to buy a ticket in advance

She booked a table for four at their favorite restaurant.

Booked up

Refers to fully reserved or completely full.

There was no room at the hotel; they were completely booked up for the summer.

A taxi cab

Refers to a car that carries passengers willing to pay a fee for the service.

 I will call a taxicab to pick us up.

The cabin

Also, referred to as the airplane or aircraft room

The passengers boarded the cabin in an orderly manner.

The flight deck

the cockpit of a large aircraft.

The flight deck of British Airways, the official carrier of the United Kingdom is rated the best in the world.

Cabin crew

Refers to the people in an aircraft whose job is to take care of the passengers.


Airline cabin crew are really no more than flying waiters and waitresses.

Cabin / flight attendant

Also referred to air steward, air hostess

The flight attendant demonstrated how to use the oxygen masks.

A car (US ) / A  carriage ( GB )

A car is defined as a vehicle, with four wheels, powered by an internal-combustion engine and which is able to carry a small number of people while a carriage refers to a vehicle with four wheels that is usually pulled by horses and which was used mainly in the past.

They decided to go to the countryside on a horse-drawn carriage.

A wagon, truck ( goods )

a vehicle used for transporting goods or any another specified purpose.

The first white settlers journeyed across America in covered wagons.

A shuttle

Referred to a vehicle or aircraft that travels regularly between two places

The American (space) shuttle was able to be used many times to put payloads in space.

A cart / trolley ( US )

Referred to a vehicle with either two or four wheels, pulled by a horse and used for carrying goods

A cart was used to carry the woods cut from the forest to the factory.

To commute

to travel the same distance regularly from home to office.

It's exhausting commuting daily in paris because of too much rush during the peak hours.

A Commuter /a suburban

Somebody who travels to work

The highway is always busy because of commuters every morning

The Customs

Referred to the money paid to the government when you take particular goods from one country to another

You may have to pay customs on imported goods.

Duty-free

Duty-free refers to goods bought in special shops at airports, on ships, etc. on which you do not pay government tax

He bought his wife some duty-free perfume.

The Jet lag

the feeling of tiredness that people experience often after making a long journey by plane to a place where the time is different from the place they left

Every time I fly to the States, I get really a bad jet lag.

To land

Refers to come down through the air and rest on the ground or another surface.

The flight was supposed to land an hour back but is late by a couple of hours because of traffic congestion in the air.

To take off

Refers to become airborne.

The plane took off at 8.30 a.m

Landing card

Refers to a card given to passengers on a flight or a ship that they must fill out with personal details which is to be later presented to immigration authorities.

Our officer will scan your passport and check your landing card.

A rental car

Refers to a hired motor vehicle

Its better to keep some buffer time to return our rental car as there could be traffic on the roads in the evening

High season

Refers to the period of most amount of activity

In most of Thailand, high season starts in November and lasts until January.

A cruise

Refers to a journey on a ship for pleasure during which you visit new places.

They're going on a cruise round the Med.

A cruising altitude

Refers to the height in the sky at which an airplane stays for most of a flight.

The flight was flying at a crusing altitude of 5000 ft above seas level.

A subway

Refers to a railway system built through tunnels below the ground in which electric trains travel through.

We took the subway to go to Yankee Stadium.

A train conductor

Refers to a ticket collector on a railway train

The train conductor punched our tickets and announced the next stop

A flight attendant

Someone who serves passengers on an aircraft

The flight attendant demonstrated how to use the oxygen masks.

Train tracks / rails

Also referred to as railway line

The train tracks pass close to their house.

Train crossing

Refers to an intersection where a railway line crosses a road or a path at the same level, as opposed to the railway line crossing over or under using a bridge or tunnel.

My grandfather came to London by train, and the crossing took 10 hours.

The railway  (GB ) / the railroad (US )

the metal tracks on which trains run

We live close to the railway line.

 

 

 

A platform

a long, flat raised structure at a railway station, where people get on and off trains

The next train for Aberdeen will depart from platform 9.

Freight

Refers to goods, but not passengers, that are carried from one place to another, by ship, aircraft, train, or truck, or any other system of transporting these goods.

The ship carries both freight and passengers.

Traveller's checks

medium of exchange that can be used in place of hard currency  generally used by people on vacation in foreign countries instead of cash, as many businesses accept traveler's cheques as currency.

I carried traveller’s cheques worth 100 euros during my first visit to paris.

 

The room rate

Refers to price of a room at a hotel per night.

The room rate at this hotel is twice the price compared to other hotels in the city.

Network

a group or system of interconnected people or things.

Massive investment is needed to modernize the country's rail network.

On time / in time

Refers to not being late or being punctual.

This airline has a habit of always being on time.

I was just in time to board the flight.

 

 

 

Delay

a period of time by which something is late or postponed

My fight was delayed by an hour.

To miss

Refers to a failure to hit, catch, or reach something.

I missed the start of the class because my bus was late.

A runway

a long and leveled road with a specially prepared smooth, hard surface on which an aircraft takes off and lands.

The runway of the airport was bad with too many cracks on it so the flight couldn’t take off on time.

Rush /peak (US ) hour

Refers to the time during each day when traffic is at its heaviest.

try to avoid travelling in the rush hour as the metros are too crowded with people.

A seat

Kind of thing or a furniture used for sitting on such as a chair.

There was no seat left in the train and so I had to commute standing.

A seatbelt

a belt that fastens around you when you are travelling in a vehicle or aircraft and holds you onto your seat, in order to reduce the risk of being injured in the case of an accident or while applying a break.

Please fasten up your seatbelts.

A window / porthole

a space usually filled with glass in the wall of a building or in a vehicle, to allow light and air in and to allow people inside the building to see out.

Is it all right if I open the window ?

A pick-up

Refers to become better, improve

It is traditional in here to drink brandy with coffee as a morning pick up

Schedule

a list of planned activities or things to be done showing the times or dates when they are intended to happen or be done

Everything went according to schedule

Time zone

A time zone is a region where the same standard time is used.

The world is divided into different time zones that are specific for different regions and which depend on geographical characteristics.

A dispatch

the act of sending someone or something somewhere

The president ordered a dispatch of troops immediately to the war stricken region.

To dispatch

to send something, especially goods or a message, somewhere for a particular purpose.

They dispatched the courier asap so that their client could receive it by the end of the week.

The delivery

the act of carrying goods, letters, parcels, etc. to people's houses or places of work.

The courier facility couldn’t make the delivery on time because of the strike held by the union.

Shipping costs

The cost of transporting or delivering an item from one place to another.

The shipping cost is only 5$ because it’s coming from China.

Shipping

Refers to the transport or delivery of goods

They offered free shipping to customers in france.

To attend something

To participate in something

He attended the musical concerted last night in paris.

The audience

Refers to a specific group of people assembled in a particular place to watch or listen to a play, film or someone speaking

She lectures to audiences all over the world.

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A booth

an enclosed compartment that allows privacy

for example a phone booth for calling, a voting booth, or a private space for dining in a restaurant.

A trade fair

an exhibition organized so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products and services, meet with industry partners and customers, study activities of rivals, and examine recent market trends and opportunities.

It’s a great opportunity for us to gain some leads during the trade fair happening in the city next month .

 

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TOEFL ITP Vocabulary