Dedicated grammar sheets for revising every aspect of English grammar specific to any English exams such as the IELTS, TOEIC, TOEFL, CAE, FCE, BRIDGE, BULATS (Linguaskill) or even BRIGHT ENGLISH. Indeed, we have gathered a complete list of grammar worksheets on numerous topics:
What Is The Meaning Of A Preposition And The Types?
The preposition is a word that connects a noun or pronoun to other words to express a specific relationship. They are necessary for almost every sentence in the English language, and there are many, including of, in, on, at, for, with, by, onto, about, etc.
There are six types of prepositions:
Prepositions of Time
Prepositions of Direction
Prepositions of Place
Prepositions of Instruments
Prepositions of Agents
In English, there are many nouns, verbs, and adjectives that are followed by one specific preposition. In the case of verbs + prepositions, this is different from phrasal verbs where a verb can be followed by a number of different complex prepositions or adverbs which may change the original meaning of the verb. Phrasal verbs are discussed on another grammar information page.
Prepositions Of Time: What Are They And How To Use Them?
The preposition of time allows you to express a specific time period like dates on the calendar, days, and the actual time. You can easily determine the propositions of time as they always discuss times, and never places.
However, there are a few words that express dates but should NEVER have a preposition of time, and they are called No Preposition.
|The Preposition||When To Use||Examples
|In||To discuss seasons, months, years, centuries, and long periods of time.||
- In July, we will go camping.
- We got married in 2000.
- People were different in the stone age.
|At||To discuss clock times, festivals, holidays, and other specific time frames.||
- I have school at 10 AM.
- I will see you at Christmas.
- I like to drink at sunset.
|On||To discuss days or portions of days of the week, special days (like New Year's Day), and specific dates.||
- I will be free on Sunday.
- I have a meeting on January 6.
- I can’t wait to meet everyone on my birthday.
|For||To discuss a period of time.||
- I have been working for 10 hours.
- I need to travel for 2 weeks.
|Since||to refer to a specific point in time.||
- I haven’t eaten since this morning.
- I have lived here since 1996.
|No preposition||Some words that express time don’t need any preposition, like Yesterday, Tonight, Tomorrow, This week, Last night, Last week, Every day, Every night, Next year, etc.||
- I went to the movies Last Night.
- I will meet you Tomorrow.
- I will travel This Week.
- I will get married Next Year.
Prepositions Of Place: at, on, and in
The prepositions of place allow you to express WHERE things are.
|The Preposition||When To Use||Examples
|In||To discuss inside.||
- I watch TV in the living room.
- Your brother is in the car.
- The best school in the country.
- I live in Paris.
|At||To discuss a specific point or where you do something exactly.||
- I am waiting at the bus stop.
- He is sitting at the table.
- I meet them at the movies.
|On||To discuss the surface of someplace.||
- The bug is standing on the wall.
- Your phone is on the table.
- Read what’s on the menu.
Preposition Of Movement: How To Use Them?
The prepositions of movement allow you to show movement or direction from one place to another. They are often used after verbs of motion in sentences.
However, there are some words that you should never use prepositions with when describing movement, like upstairs, outside, inside, etc. An example of list of prepositions:
- ‘I am going to upstairs’ is not correct.
- ‘I am going upstairs’ is correct.
- ‘The race starts from downtown’ is not correct.
- ‘The race starts downtown’ is correct.
|The Preposition||When To Use||Examples
|To||To indicate a direction or destination.||
- I am going to my room.
- You can’t drive to the beach today.
- She is heading to the restaurant.
|From||To discuss when something starts.||
- The flight is coming from China.
- I ran from work to here.
- He is from Italy.
|Through||To discuss a movement from one side to another.||
- She is walking through the crowds.
- The river flows through Boston.
- Bugs can go through walls.
|Into||To discuss a movement that enters a space.||
- Look straight into my eyes.
- The car crashed into a wall.
- Don’t pour water into this bottle.
|Over||To discuss a movement that goes higher than something else.||
- I jumped over the wall.
- The ball went over the fence.
- Put the wire over the office.
|Up||To discuss a movement to a higher position.||
- The house is up the hill.
- I climbed up on the mountain.
|Down||To discuss a movement to a lower position.||
- You should go down the hill.
- Let’s put these items down the stairs.
NOUNS And PREPOSITIONS: How Does It Work?
There are many nouns in the English language that need to be followed by prepositions in order to give a precise meaning. Reading English books/novels will help save the majority of them automatically in your mind, which will allow you to spot those prepositions easily with time and even use them. Here are a few examples:
- I have the solution to your problem.
- You should have some respect for the elders.
- The employees have the responsibility for the office’s hygiene.
This following table includes the most common nouns and their prepositions:
|an alternative to||a demand for||a contrast with||an agreement on
|an introduction to||a substitute for||some dealings with||a ban on
|a solution to||some responsibility for||a relationship with||a tax on
|some damage to||a need for||some involvement with||a constraint
|some resistance to||a bid for||some sympathy with||a curb on
|a threat to||some respect for||
|a reference to||an exception for||an increase in,off
|a fall in, of
Of course, there are more that exist, but if you learn these, that’s a very good beginning! Words which refer to increases and decreases can be followed by ‘in’ or ‘of’. ‘In’ refers to something that has gone up or down; ‘of’ refers to a quantity or amount.
- There has been a large increase in unemployment since the beginning of the crisis.
- There has been an increase of about 40%.
VERBS And PREPOSITIONS: What To Do?
In the English language, there are many prepositions that follow verbs, and the meaning of these two classes of words together is often very similar to the meaning of the verb alone. However, it makes the meaning more precise and specific. For example:
- You are allowed to worry = this phrase gives a general meaning.
- You are allowed to worry about your kids = this phrase is more specific.
You will find a list to the most common prepositional verbs in the following list:
|to amount to||to apologize for||to sympathize with||to consist of
|to refer to||to opt for||to comply with||
|to object to||to account for||to associate with||
|to lead to||to pay for||to supply with||
|to relate to||to aim for, at||to agree with,on||
|to stem from||to result in||to rely on||to complain about
|to profit from||to succeed in||to bet on||
|to benefit from||to invest in||to concentrate on||
|to depend on||
Here are some example sentences:
- The new product fully complies with European safety standards.
- We do not rely on rail transport, so our delivery will not be affected by the strike.
- The goods must be paid for no later than 60 days after receipt.
- She succeeded in passing her TOEIC with flying colors!
Other rules to remember when using a verb and a preposition
Some verbs can be followed by an object and a preposition:
|to borrow something from||to ask someone for||to provide someone with
|to protect someone from||to thank someone for||to supply someone with
|to congratulate someone on||to divide something into||to insure something against
|to spend something on||
- The couple borrowed money from the bank to buy their new house.
- Don’t forget to thank him for offering to drive you to the airport.
- She asked him for a raise.
There are also verbs that don’t take prepositions (whereas in French, they do!):
|to phone someone||to discuss something
|to enter||to ask someone something
|to answer||to tell someone something
- I’ll phone the company tomorrow morning.
- They met to discuss the new smoking ban.
- She entered the room very quietly.
- He always asks his boss a lot of questions.
- His boss always patiently answers him.
- They told the unions that they wouldn’t sign the agreement.
ADJECTIVES + PREPOSITIONS: What Is The Form?
You can find some adjectives followed by prepositions sometimes, and so you know, there are no grammatical rules when it comes to which adjective goes with which preposition. Therefore, it’s best to learn them together by strengthening your vocabulary. Here are a few examples:
- She is still afraid of the dark.
- I am terrible at organizing my time.
- My wife is allergic to nuts.
- You should be excited about your new job.
You will find a list of the most common adjectives + preposition in the following table:
|WITH||TO||OF & FOR||ON & IN
|satisfied with||acceptable to||representative of||intent on
|familiar with||accustomed to||guilty of||reliant on
|compatible with||alternative to||capable of||focused on
|pleased with||vulnerable to||aware of||dependent on
|filled with||essential to||
|contingent to||to ask someone for||interested in
|opposed to||to thank someone for||lacking in
|parallel to||involved in
- Let me know if you would be interested in meeting with me. (The preposition ‘in’ is followed by a gerund).
- He is intent on finding the best deal even if he has to shop around.
- I’m not aware of anyone who knows how to cook as well as I do.
To remember all these different prepositions you need to memorize and read as much as possible in English. When you notice a verb/noun/adjective + preposition combination, take note of it and add it to your own personal lists.
Examples Of Unnecessary Prepositions In Daily Speeches
Unnecessary prepositions often appear in everyday speech or by advanced English learners. They follow some active verbs, nouns, or pronouns. It is not a problem for these prepositions to be used, but it is best to eliminate them completely when writing/speaking in formal, academic prose. Here are a few examples of unnecessary prepositions:
- Where did the kids go
- The phone fell off
of the table.
- Where is your house
- Don’t let the cat inside
of the house.
Is It Correct To End A Sentence With A Preposition?
You can end your sentences with a preposition. In fact, there are many cases when a sentence will not make sense without a preposition. To make it easier for you, we will give you a little guide to help you distinguish when to do it and when to never do it.
Don’t end a sentence with a preposition
In formal writing: Grammatically speaking, it is not an error to end a sentence with a preposition, but it will make your sentence less formal.
- Which website was your work published in? Casual.
- On which website was your work published? Formal.
End a sentence with a preposition
Informal writing/conversation: You can use the preposition at the end of your sentence, which will help it flow more smoothly. Unless you want to impress your friends with your flawless, precise sentence construction, it’s best to stick to the prepositions.
- What are you waiting for?
- This is what I was telling you about.
- That outfit is just to die for.
- This is the person I was talking to.
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