In this article, we’re talking all things future in French. We’re going to dive into:

  • What the French simple future tense is
  • How to conjugate different types of verbs
  • Asking questions in the future
  • The difference between the French simple future and the close future

Finding the French future tense a little tricky? Read this article and all will become clearer!

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What is the French future tense?

Will you one day conquer the French language? Yes, you will!

If we were to translate that question and answer into French, we would use the French simple future tense. To put it simply, we use the simple future for events or actions in the future.

The French simple future is one of two future tenses in French, but we’ll get into that a little later.

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Conjugating a verb in the French simple future tense

Like other tenses in French, the simple future conjugates according to the subject of the verb. To conjugate a verb in the French simple future tense, follow these steps:

  1. Take the verb in its infinitive form
  2. Add the appropriate ending according to the subject of the verb: -ai; -as; -a; -ons; -ez; -ont.

Here’s an example of how the common verb parler (to speak) conjugates in the future tense:

 PARLER
jeparlerai
tuparleras
il, elleparlera
nousparlerons
vousparlerez
ils, ellesparleront

Conjugating the auxiliary verbs être and avoir

As you’ll be well aware by now, the verbs être (to be) and avoir (to have) are irregular. To conjugate these verbs in the French simple future tense, it’s a case of learning the forms by heart.

Luckily, both verbs follow the same pattern that we have already seen:

 AVOIRÊTRE
jeauraiserais
tuaurasseras
il, elleaurasera
nousauronsserons
vousaurezserez
ils, ellesaurontseront

Conjugating irregular verbs in the French future tense

The French simple future tense is generally very regular; however, it wouldn’t be French if there weren’t at least a couple of exceptions to keep things interesting.

The table below shows how some of the most frequently used irregular verbs conjugate in the future:

 ALLERPOUVOIRVOULOIRFAIRE
jeiraipourraivoudraiferai
tuiraspourrasvoudrasferas
il, elleirapourravoudrafera
nousironspourronsvoudronsferons
vousirezpourrezvoudrezferez
ils, ellesirontpourrontvoudrontferont

Conjugating verbs ending -yer and -er

In the table below, you’ll find a group of verbs that undergo changes in their conjugation in the future. Verbs ending in -yer, such as essayer (to try) and nettoyer (to clean), see their y transform into an i, whereas verbs ending in -er see the final consonant in the stem double.

Study them, learn them, repeat them!

 ESSAYERNETTOYERJETERAPPELER
jeessaierainettoieraijetteraiappellerai
tuessaierasnettoierasjetteasappelleras
il, elleessaieranettoierajetteraappellera
nousessaieronsnettoieronsjetteronsappellerons
vousessaiereznettoierezjetterezappellerez
ils, ellesessaierontnettoierontjetterontappelleront

Asking a question in the French future tense

And how will you use the simple future for questions, you might ask? Well, when it comes to questions, you have a few options in French:

  • Use intonation: e.g. Ils seront prêts à partir à 16 heures ? (“Will they be ready to leave at 4 o’ clock?”)
  • Invert the subject and verb: e.g. Pourrez-vous nous rejoindre ? (“Will you be able to join us?”)
  • Add the magic phrase est-ce que: e.g. Est-ce que tu y iras seul demain ? (“Will you go there alone tomorrow?”)

Forming a negative sentence in the simple future

The negative in French is usually denoted with two keywords: ne… pas. Just like with other simple tenses, such as the present, these two words go either side of the verb in order to form a negation.

Let’s take an example:

Je ferai mes devoirs demain (“I’ll do my homework tomorrow”) becomes je ne ferai pas mes devoirs demain (“I won’t do my homework tomorrow”) in the negative.

Differentiating between the French simple future tense and the near future

Now you’re clear on using the French simple future, let’s talk about how it differs from the other future tense: the near future.

The near future is formed by taking the verb aller conjugated according to the subject, plus the verb in the infinitive. Let’s look at some examples:

  • Je vais aller au supermarché cet après-midi (“I’m going to go to the supermarket this afternoon”)
  • Nous allons partir en vacances en Italie cet été (“We are going to go on holiday in Italy this summer”)
  • Ils vont parler avec leur professeur (“They’re going to talk to their teacher”)

The near future is used for events in the future that will certainly take place, whereas the simple future is reserved for less certain events taking place in the more distant future.

Revising with GlobalExam

If you’re in need of some practice with the French simple future, look no further than GlobalExam. Our online learning platform offers revision sheets and exercises dedicated to specific grammar topics, such as the French simple future tense.

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