TOEIC GRAMMAR – PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES

Improve your English grammar skills with Pronouns and Adjectives

There are several  types of pronouns (words which replace a noun or a noun group)  and adjectives. They can lead to several mistakes in understanding (reading/listening) and production (speaking and writing).

 

1. Subject personal pronouns

This is the type of pronouns you usually know because you learn them when you learn how to conjugate.

Number

Subject pronouns

Examples

 

Singular

I

I love English.

You

You are intelligent.

He

He is kind.

She

She is pretty.

It

It is Friday today.

 

Plural

We

We are all in the same room.

You

You are so cute.

They

They work very hard.

 

Be careful to the neutral it which can replace an object, situation or animal. For animals, all depends on the relationship you have with the latter. Boats are replaced by the subject pronoun she  .

 

2. Object personal pronouns

They are used when you refer to a pronoun which function is the one of a direct or indirect object. To find out, you need to ask the question : what/who? To whom/what ? From whom/what? In I write to her every month , her answers to the question: Who do you write to ? To her.

Number

Object Pronouns

Examples

 

Singular

Me

Leo loves me.

You

Cindy likes you.

Him

Patricia fancies him.

Her

I’m going on holiday with her.

It

You dislike it a lot.

 

Plural

Us

The room is occupied by us.

You

They are fans of you.

Them

She is happy to work for them.

 

 

3. Possessive pronouns

They refer to something we own or answer the question whose. They shouldn’t be confused with possessive adjectives which accompany a noun or noun group buy don’t replace a noun.  My car is blue with a possessive adjective is different from Which car do you have ? Mine is red with a possessive pronoun which replaces « my car ».

Number

Possessive Pronouns

Examples

 

Singular

Mine

Her laptop is off but mine is on.

Yours

Look at her dress! Yours is nicer.

His

My cat is black and his is red.

Hers

Your table is clean and hers too.

Its

Delphine’s cat is adorable. 

 

Plural

Ours

His company is a start-up and ours is a big corporation.

Yours

These shoes are beautiful and yours are exceptional.

Theirs

Delphine and Gregoire have a sailing boat. Theirs is red when mine is blue.

 

4. Possessive adjectives

They ontroduce and qualify a noun or noun group. Contrary to possessive pronouns, they don’t replace any noun, they only accompany nouns or noun groups.

Number

Possessive pronouns

Examples

 

Singular

My

I signed my contract yesterday.

Your

Your best friend is Zineb.

His

His car has recently broken down.

Her

Her phone is huge.

Its

The cat drowned and its puppies followed.

 

Plural

Our

Our parents brought us up well.

Your

Your grandmother was clever.

Their

Their father is a Professor.

 

5. Demonstrative adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives qualify a noun or noun group. They can be groups by the ones which refer to the things which are close and can be reached by hand (this-these) and to the things which are far (that-those). They exist in the singular (this-that) and in the plural (these-those).

 

Demonstrative adjectives

Examples

Close

This (sg)

This notebook is mine.

These (pl)

These pens are special.

Far

That (sg)

That person looks angry.

Those (pl)

Those books are heavy.

 

6. Reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns refer to the speakers themselves.

Number

Reflexive pronouns

Examples

 

Singular

Myself

I see myself as a generous person.

Yourself

Look at yourself in the mirror and enjoy!

Himself

Her boss things highly of himself.

Herself

Your mother cut herself when peeling vegetables.

Itself

The bird was amusing itself in the zoo.

 

Plural

Ourselves

We have to prepare ourselves for the test.

Yourselves

Introduce yourselves to the director.

Themselves

They decided to kill themselves like Romeo and Juliette.

 

Be careful : the reflexive pronouns of your mother tongue may not be reflexive in English.

 

7. Reciprocal pronouns

There are two reciprocal pronouns each other and one another. It is when one speaker/a group of speakers have a reciprocal action (with/to one another). For example: John and Peter don’t like each other/one another.

Mastering pronouns and adjectives can be useful notably in parts 5 and 6 of the TOEIC but also in the  Speaking and Writing of TOEFL IBT and IELTS, part 1 sentence completion and 2 error identification du writing of TOEFL IBT, MCQ exercises, open close exercises of the IELTS and in fill-in the blank sentences and exercises as well as open close texts of the reading section of the BULATS.

 

Have a look at all our online grammar sheets!