Learning a new language, French in this case, will feed your mind with new knowledge and this will surely give you many reasons to celebrate how your brain works! Likewise, knowing how to refer to the different parts of your body will be useful in plenty of common situations: going to the doctor during a trip to France or Canada, buying clothes, going to the gym, practicing sports, etc. Once you have finished reading this article, you will be able to:
- name in French the parts of your face
- the parts of your body from top to bottom and:
- some idiomatic expressions in French which contain body parts (learning to use them will allow you to sound like a French native speaker!)
Now without further delay, let’s get started!
First things first: The Head, The Face
We can recognize people by their voice, their height, the way they walk… but what makes us unique, visually and individually recognizable is our face features. Let’s study the following table to learn how to say in French the parts of the head and the face.
Remember: Contrary to English, in French possessive adjectives are not used to accompany the parts of the body. Instead, you must use a definite article.
In English you say: I wash my face before going to bed.
In French you must say: Je me lave le visage avant d’aller me coucher.
List Of The Parts Of The Head And The Face
|Parts Of The Head And The Face||Les parties de la tête et du visage|
|the head||la tête|
|the face||le visage|
|cheek||la joue (les joues)|
|a tooth, teeth||une dent, les dents|
|lip, lips||la lèvre, les lèvres|
|nasal fossae||les fosses nasales|
The Eyes: An Extension Of Our Soul
Let’s dedicate some time to study how to say in French the parts of the eye.
List Of The Parts Of The Eye
|Eye, The Eyes||L’oeil, les yeux|
|upper eyelid||la paupière supérieure|
|lower eyelid||la paupière inférieure|
|lacrimal duct||la caroncule lacrymale|
|the pupil||la pupille|
The Upper Body: The Upper Extremity And The Torso
Now, what about learning some more vocabulary in French to refer to the torso and the upper extremities? Let’s go!
List Of Upper Extremities And The Torso
|Upper Extremities And The torso||Les parties du haut du corps|
Some Internal Organs
Why don’t we learn some essential words in French to refer to these important internal organs.
List Of Internal Organs
|Some Of The Main Internal Organs Of The Human Body||Quelques-uns des principaux organes internes du corps humain|
|right / left lung||le poumon droit / le poumon gauche|
|right / left kidney||le rein droit / le rein gauche|
|urinary bladder||la vessie|
The Lower Extremity Of The Body
Did you know that each of our lower extremities has more than 30 bones and 40 muscles? That’s fascinating, isn’t it? It shows how perfect our bodies are and reminds us to take care of our bodies by eating healthy food and doing exercise regularly. Now, let’s continue with our French learning!
List of Lower Extremity Vocabulary
|Lower Extremity||Les parties du bas du corps|
From head to toes: French Idioms With Body Parts
Are you comfortable with yourself? So, you can say in French that you are “bien dans ta peau”. Like English, French is rich in colloquial expressions that include body parts and which do not make sense literally. These idioms are used to express an endless number of feelings and also to describe situations in a graphic, sometimes ironic, sometimes funny way. Learning idioms will help you understand how French people think, their cultural references and their humour. If you want to sound like a native French speaker, continue reading and try to incorporate idioms into your daily French practice.
|If you want to say:||Use this French idiom:||Example in French|
(Exemple en français)
|Translation into English:|
|to think very hard||se creuser la tête||Je me suis creusé la tête pour trouver la réponse à sa question.||I thought really hard to try to find an answer to his question.|
|to be angry, to pout||faire la tête||Fred fait la tête car son père ne lui a pas prêté sa voiture.||Fred is angry because his father didn’t lend him his car.|
|not easily scared||ne pas avoir froid aux yeux||Isabelle adore les sports d’aventure, elle n’as pas froid aux yeux.||Isabelle loves extreme sports. She is very brave.|
|Yeah, sure!||mon oeil!||Oui, tu es en retard à cause du tram… Mon oeil! Je sais que tu as fait la fête hier soir!||Yeah, sure, you’re late because of the tramway… I know you were partying last night!|
|to keep really concentrated||ne pas lever le nez||Depuis que j’ai commencé le projet, je n’ai pas levé le nez.||Since I’ve started the project, I haven’t stopped to make a pause!|
|to keep something to yourself, to keep a secret||rester bouche cousue||Je ne dirai rien à ton père, je resterai bouche cousue.||I won’t tell your father,I’ll keep it to myself.|
|to have a frog in your throat||avoir un chat dans la gorge||Ava a pris froid et maintenant elle a un chat dans la gorge.||Ava’s got a cold and now she's got a frog in her throat.|
|a little bird told me||mon petit doigt m’as dit||-Comment as tu su que Manuel et moi avions rompu?|
-Mon petit doigt m’as dit.
|How did you know I had broken up with Manuel?
A little bird told me.
|to be generous||avoir le coeur sur la main||M.Roche a le cœur sur la main, il nous a donné son vieux ordinateur qui marchait encore très bien.||Mr. Roche is very generous. He gave us his old computer which was still working very well.|
|to be well-connected||avoir le bras long||Grâce à Stéphanie, j’ai pu travailler chez cet éditeur, elle a le bras long.||Thanks to Stéphanie, I could work for this publishing house, she’s well-connected.|
|to be hungry||avoir l' estomac creux||Mon ventre gargoullait en cours, j’avais l’estomac creux car je n’avais pas pris mon petit déjeneur.||My stomach was gurgling in class, I was hungry because I didn’t have any breakfast.|
|to get on sb's nerves||casser les pieds à quelqu’un||Mon voisin fait trop de bruit, il me casse les pieds!||My neighbor is too noisy. He really gets on my nerves!|
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