Numbers are always around us: you go out at night and meet someone who will ask you: “What’s your telephone number?” You go to a shop and while the salesclerk fills out the receipt, he might ask: “Can I have your address, please?”. On Sunday you go to the market and you want to buy some oranges, you will need to confirm their price and then the seller will ask you: How many oranges do you want? If you pay your GP by check, you’ll have to write the exact amount in letters. If you are going to be hired in a new job, you will need to find out what your salary will be… To put it in a nutshell: Even if you hate mathematics, numbers are an essential part of our daily life. And for this reason, we have written this article whose aim is to guide you to master numbers in French. Here you will find:
- Some explanations about how to write numbers in French
- Tables with numbers from 0 to 100
Don’t let numbers become an eight-hundred-pound gorilla and start learning them right now!
Numbers from 0 to 20 in French
Maybe you are already familiar with the numbers from 0 to 20. However, it’s always good to start from zero. This will allow you to have solid bases.
- Some numbers are written with a single word. These are: numbers up to 16.
- Also, the tens up to 60: twenty, thirty, forty, fifty and sixty.
- 100 and 1000: cent et mille.
Numbers from 0 to 20 – Les nombres de 0 à 20
Numbers from 21 to 29
When it is not possible to write numbers in a simple word, they are composed of several simple words. In 1990, L’Académie française introduced a spelling reform that simplified the writing of numbers. All numbers composed of two or more words, including large numbers, now are joined with hyphens (hyphen = trait d’union):
You may find the numbers ending in 1 after the number 20 (21, 31, 41, etc.) with two different spellings; the traditional and the rectified one.
|Traditional spelling (before 1990)||Rectified Spelling (after the 1990’s reform)
|vingt et un||vingt-et-un|
|cent mille deux cent cinquante-huit||cent-mille-deux-cent-cinquante-huit|
|deux millions trois cents||deux-millions-trois-cents|
Numbers from 21 to 29 – Les nombres de 21 à 29
Numbers from 30 to 69
To write the numbers from 20 to 69 in French, you just add the single number (units) to the tens number. Remember that a hyphen is always used to join the two numbers together.
- trente (30) + sept (7) = trente-sept (37)
- quarante (40) + neuf (9) = quarante-neuf (49)
Numbers from 30 to 69 – Nombres de 30 à 69
Numbers from 70 to 80
And guess what! A different rule applies for the numbers after 69. Pay attention: The number 70 in French is written like this: soixante-dix. As you can notice, it is a combination of soixante (60) + dix (10). The numbers from 70 follow the same pattern of 60 + a number from 10 to 19.
Numbers from 70 to 80 – Nombres de 70 à 80
Numbers from 80 to 89
From 80 to 89 there is another change: You must write “80” like saying “4 twenties,” that is to say: quatre-vingts. But then from 81, you must omit the “s.” For example: “quatre-vingt-un.”
Numbers from 90 to 100
You must write the number 90 in French like this: “quatre-vingt-dix.” As you will have guessed, that it is a combination of “quatre-vingt” (80) + “dix” (10)
From 90 to 99, you just need to follow the same pattern: 80 + a number from 10-19.
Numbers from 90 to 100- Nombres de 90 à 100
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