Quelles sont les consignes de la partie Reading de l’IELTS ?

La deuxième épreuve des examens écrits de l’IELTS est le Reading. Si vous adoptez une bonne méthode de travail, cette épreuve peut vous permettre de gagner des points facilement. Elle consiste à chercher les mots dans les 3 extraits de texte qui vous permettent de répondre aux 40 questions posées. Rien n’est à inventer ou imaginer, il faut simplement trouver rapidement les mots exacts demandés.

Pour acquérir cette méthode de travail exigeante, GlobalExam vous offre la possibilité de réaliser des des centaines d’heures d’exercices et d’examens blancs qui vous permettront de booster votre score au Reading, grâce à une préparation IELTS spécifique en ligne.

 

Remarque: La seule différence entre l’IELTS Academic – Reading et l’IELTS General Training – Reading est la nature des textes présentés. Nos conseils suivants servent ainsi pour tous les candidats à l’IELTS.

 

Quelle est la structure de l’épreuve ?

Dans ce tableau, nous vous résumons la structure de l’épreuve en quelques lignes.

Structure de la section Reading de l'IELTS

Exemple de feuille de réponse de l’épreuve du Reading tirée du site officiel de l’IELTS

Si vous souhaitez aller plus dans les consignes de chaque exercice du reading, consultez nos fiches suivantes :

IELTS Reading – Exercice 1

IELTS Reading – Exercice 2

IELTS Reading – Exercice 3 

 

  • Reading passage 1 (Questions 1 à 12)

TEXT: BIOLOGY AND YOUR HEALTH

A  What you eat and drink is directly related to your health. But you may not think twice about the possibility of contaminated food or water, or a lack of vitamins in your diet. Not long ago, diseases caused by vitamin deficiencies were still fairly common. The first vitamins were identified less than 100 years ago, but today the vitamins found in foods are printed on labels.

B  Even today we still face food-related causes of illness. For example, you might hear about an outbreak of food poisoning, and mad cow disease was only recognized in the late 1980’s. Of perhaps greater concern to you are food allergies. Many people suffer from severe, even life threatening, allergies to foods such as peanuts and shellfish. Beyond questions about the sources of food are questions and concerns about what people eat and how much they eat. For example, scientists estimate that more than 60 percent of adults in the United States are overweight or obese. The health consequences of obesity include increased risks of diabetes,  stroke, heart disease, breast cancer, colon cancer and other health problems. Biology can help you to better understand all of these health-related issues.

C  An understanding of biology on many different levels –genetic, chemical, and cellular, for example — can help you make any number of lifestyle choices that affect your health. Why is it important to use sunscreen? What are the benefits of exercise? What are the effects of using alcohol, illegal drugs and tobacco? Cigarette smoke does not just affect the lungs; it can also change a person’s body chemistry and have strong negative effects on the kidneys. Non smokers normally have a normal enzyme level, while smokers have lower enzyme levels. Lower levels of monoamine oxidase in the brain can affect mood, and lower levels in the liver could contribute to high blood pressure.

 

Biology and the World Around You

D  In 1995, some middle school students from Minnesota were walking through a wetland and collecting frogs for a school project. The students stopped to look at the frogs and what they saw shocked them. Many of the frogs had deformities, including missing legs, extra legs, and missing eyes. What caused the deformities? Scientists investigated that question by testing several hypotheses. They studied whether the deformities could have been caused by factors such as a chemical in the water, ultraviolet radiation, or some other type of infection.

E  Why would frog deformities such as that provoke such scientific interest? The frogs are a part of an ecosystem, so whatever affected them could affect other species in the area. If the deformities were caused by a chemical in the water, might the chemical pose a risk to people living in the area? In other regions of the United States parasites caused similar deformities in frogs. Might that parasite also be present in Minnesota? If so, did it pose a risk to other species?

F  At first, parasites were not found in the frogs. However, scientists now suggest that the frog deformities were due to a combination of infection by parasites, called trematodes, and predation by dragonfly nymphs. Science has answered some questions about the cause of the leg deformities. However, scientists now think that a chemical may be connected to the increased number of parasite infections.

G  Suppose that the chemical comes from a factory in the area. Is it reasonable to ban the chemical? Should the factory be closed or fined? In any instance like this, political, legal, economic, and biological concerns have to be considered. What is the economic impact on the factory on the area? Is there any evidence of human health problems in the area? Is there a different chemical that could be used? Without an understanding of biology, how could you make an informed decision related to any of these questions?

H  These are the types of questions that people try to answer every day. Biologists and other scientists research environmental issues such as pollution, biodiversity, habitat preservation, land conservation, and natural resource use, but decisions about the future are not in the hands of scientists. It is up to everyone to make decisions based on evidence and conclusions from many different sources.

 

QUESTIONS 1 – 7

Label the missing words on the diagram below using words from the following paragraph from the text :

An understanding of biology on many different levels –genetic, chemical, and cellularm for example — can help you make any number of lifestyle choices that affect your health. Why is it important to use sunscreen? What are the benefits of exercise? What are the effects of using alcohol, illegal drugs and tobacco? Cigarette smoke does not just affect the lungs; it can also change a person’s body chemistry and have strong negative effects on the kidneys. Non smokers normally have a normal enzyme level, while non smokers have lower enzyme levels. Lower levels of monoamine oxidase in the brain can affect mood, and lower levels in the liver could contribute to high blood pressure.

Write your answers in boxes 1 – 7 on your answer sheet.

Exemple d'exercice de la section Reading de l'IELTS

 

QUESTIONS 8 – 12

This passage has eight sections, A-H.

Choose the correct heading for sections B, C, E – G and  from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number i-ix in boxes 8-12 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i Potential Risks on an Ecosystem

ii Domestic Animals at further risk

iii Negative Effects of Smoke

iv Biologists asking questions

v Arthritis and Brain Cancer in young Americans

vi Consequences of American Habits

vii Local taxpayers want a solution

viii  Nymphs and trematodes affecting local frog population

ix Factory Workers are taking care of environment problems

 

8. Section B __________

9. Section C __________

10. Section E __________

11. Section F __________

12. Section G __________

 

Section Reading de l'IELTS

 

Quelles sont les stratégies à connaître pour réussir ?

Une stratégie pour progresser au Reading consiste à comprendre et retenir les 11 consignes les plus utilisées de l’épreuve, résumées dans le tableau ci-dessous.

Consignes de la section Reading de l'IELTS

Bien gérer son temps est également l’une des stratégies clés pour réussir l’épreuve du Reading. En effet, vous disposez d’une heure pour répondre aux 40 questions et c’est à vous d’organiser votre temps comme vous le souhaitez. Comme les textes sont présentés dans un ordre croissant de difficulté et que le dernier passage contient le plus de questions, nous vous conseillons de répartir votre temps de manière à passer 15 minutes sur le 1er passage, 20 minutes sur le 2ème et 25 minutes sur le 3ème.

 

Less conseils de GlobalExam

  • Conseil n°1 : Même si cela peut vous paraître évident, il est essentiel de lire avec attention chaque consigne.

En effet, les consignes changent d’une question à l’autre et un énoncé mal compris peut vous coûter le point. Par exemple, s’il est stipulé “Answer Yes, No or Not Given“, il vous faut répondre de manière précise. “Yes” signifie que le texte valide la question posée, “No” qu’elle est invalidée, “Not Given” qu’elle ne se trouve pas dans le texte. Attention : la réponse “Not Given” ne s’utilise pas systématiquement si vous avez un doute. Dans ce cas, mieux vaut rechercher dans le texte le passage contenant la réponse.

  • Conseil n°2 : Comme vous avez un temps limité pour répondre aux 40 questions, ne vous attardez pas plus de 3min sur une question dont vous ne trouvez pas la réponse dans le texte.

Il vaut mieux sauter la question ardue pour y revenir à la fin, plutôt que de s’acharner et perdre trop de temps.

 

L’entraînement en ligne au test sur GlobalExam

GlobalExam est une plateforme d’entraînement en ligne aux tests de langue, qui vous permet de réaliser des exercices types et des examens blancs dans les conditions réelles du test.

Chaque exercice contient une correction détaillée, et des fiches de vocabulaire et de grammaire sont à votre disposition si vous avez besoin de réviser certains points.

 

Pour aller plus loin et vous préparer au test en entier, vous pouvez également consulter nos fiches sur les autres sections de l’IELTS :

– L’épreuve du Writing

– L’épreuve du Listening

– L’épreuve du Speaking

 

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