In this section, we display a list of basic words you need to know about your computer and its surroundings.
Basic terms computers first level :
Bus : Contains volume of information expressed in bits. It is transmitted simultaneously according to a numbered wire-cable.
example : to record and edit my song, I now use a 32 bits bus.
Computer : An electronic device with programmed instructions to store, process and receive data, which, among other things, enables you to navigate on the web.
example : nowadays, we have access to any information by using a computer.
A PC (Portable computer) is also very common.
Disk player : It is a device incorporated in your computer which enables you to play a disk and visualise its content on your computer screen
example : I put all my souvenirs on a disk so I need my disk player to see them.
Fan (computer) : A device with a heat sink to refresh the components inside the tower and prevent them from overheating.
example : my computer emits a weird sound. I think the fan needs some cleaning.
Hard drive : It stores all the information on your computer. With the motherboard, it’s a major component of your computer but if it crashes, it can be replaced.
example : all my family photos are stored on my computer hard drive.
A second list to more vocabulary :
Headphones : A device you put on your ears to listen to a sound from content on your computer.
example : with my headphones, I can listen to loud music without disturbing people around me.
Internet box : A “box” to connect an internet service provider to its clients, so they can access to the Internet and its associated services, via ADSL, fibre or cable.
example : with my internet box, I as well have phone and television services included.
Key : One of the buttons displayed on the keyboard, they are mainly alphabetic letters, numbers and other controls.
example : I am not familiar with the £ key and I lose a lot of time when I have to type english money.
Keyboard : It is an item that replaces the old typescript and enables you to write on a virtual document you can visualise and store in your computer.
example : It’s easier for me to type with the keyboard on my computer than write with my hand.
More terms to broaden your view :
Microprocessor : A device in the computer, which miniaturized components allow the execution of instructions and the processing of the computer program data.
example : I have a computer with an Intel Core i3/i5/i7/i9 (Tigerlake) microprocessor, do you think it’s good enough to play video games ?
Monitor : The output device generates the images displayed by your computer graphic cards, on which you can watch content provided on the web, and where you also can visualize your writings or images.
example : I am very happy with my 18 inch LCD monitor, I really love watching my favorite series with great images and bright colors.
Motherboard : A device within the computer where modules are installed in sockets. It provides communication for information processing.
example : The motherboard is one of the most important components of my computer, if it crashes, that’s the end, I’ll have to buy another computer.
Mouse : A mouse shaped device you handle with your hand, it enables you to position yourself on the screen and to choose what you are going to do.
example : grandma, you won’t be able to see this image in full if you don’t double-click the mouse !
Let’s go deeper with more technical terms :
Power supply : The complex appliance intended to supply electricity via an electrical network to your computer, and then allow it to work.
example : I found out that my computer’s power supply is out, that’s why I couldn’t turn it on.
Printer : The device you use to put on sheets of paper your virtual writings and images.
example : nowadays, we can print ourselves our photos, there are lots of low prices and high quality printers.
Random access memory (RAM) : It is the place within your computer where data is located during processing. Not to be confused with computer memory.
example : I am fond of videos, I need at least a 16 GO of ram.
Scanner : A program often incorporated inside your printer, which enables you to capture writings or images from a real material like a sheet of paper.
example : today when I need to send documents, I don’t have to go to the post office, I use my scanner and send them by mail.
Words you’ll find very useful :
Screen : The output device displaying the images generated by the computer graphic cards. It’s an extension of the monitor, it gives the impression of movement and enables you for instance to watch movies or capture texts.
example : with a high resolution screen, you’ll watch your films with great pleasure.
Wireless mouse : A mouse without the cable, it works by capturing the waves thanks to the receptor in the USB port via the transmitter in the mouse.
example : with my new wireless mouse, I don’t anymore stumble with the cable on the floor.
Application : A program or a set of softwares performing a set of tasks in the same fields via operating system services.
example : I have to drive to an address I never went to before. My tomtom application will be very useful to find the place.
Backup : An application to store copies of your data in order to prevent their loss.
example : If you don’t want to have problems with your website, you better have a backup on such an application as dropbox.
Bug : A fault that causes a program failure in your computer.
example : I can’t open my Word file, maybe there is a bug !
Basic computers friend-words :
Bookmark : A place where you store the URL of the web pages you want to keep in order to view them later on.
example : If you don’t have time to read this article right now, you’d better bookmark it !
Browser : The program on your computer you use to navigate on the world wide web www.
example : I think google chrome is the most popular browser in the world.
Cookie : A small piece of data a web site keeps and uses to remind you of your activities.
example : with the cookies, I easily find the sites I visited yesterday.
Data : A category of information of the same type that would be processed by your computer.
example : people should be careful in using personal data, it’s a very sensitive subject !
Download : Take a file or a program from a site to transfer it in another place on your computer or another location.
example : I love music and I often download my favorite songs.
File : A virtual document or a digital recording on which you put writings or some data.
example : this file I type will be named “basic computer vocabulary”
The Must Haves :
Firewall : A technological barrier which protects your computer from dangerous external data.
example : you always need a firewall on your computer because of numerous viruses and malwares on the web.
Folder : A virtual place containing a number of files.
example : don’t forget to name your folder according to the kind of files you put into it.
Hacker : A crooked programmer who breaks into a computer system for malicious purposes.
example : companies must be careful, there is an upsurge of hackers these days !
IP address : The coded identity given to you by your internet service provider.
example : my IP address is confidential data that shouldn’t be given to someone else.
You may not know yet about these words :
Malware : A malicious software used to disrupt a computer’s operation or gather personal data in order to use them for unscrupulous practices.
example : the malwarebyte application is efficient to protect your computer from malwares.
Media : Means which allow to spread information to the general public.
example : facebook is a very popular social media.
Spam : A message you don’t expect sent to your email address, often in order to sell you something.
example : I have programmed my email so that unknown senders messages go directly to spam.
URL : The address to find site pages on the web.
example : the URL of my website is https://tailoryourword.com
Upload : Take a file or a program from your computer or another location to transfer it to a central computer or site.
example : I upload my personal data to a site when I apply for a job offer.
Virus : A software program intended to harm files or programs in other computers.
example : be careful of viruses, don’t forget to open your firewall while using your computer.
Website : One or a group of pages displaying given content on the web.
example : everybody bookmarks their favorite websites.
Windows : An operating system by Microsoft with graphical user interface, working mainly with PC computers.
example : As a writer, I perfectly handle Microsoft windows Word applications.
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