When studying a particular subject, it’s important to learn the vocabulary associated with it. If you want to be a chef, you need to learn words related to the kitchen and cooking. If you want to be a manager, you need to learn Business English and the language to manage meetings and projects.

Sociology is no different. If you learn the key vocabulary first, it’s much easier to understand ideas, which would otherwise be difficult to grasp! Remember, when learning vocabulary, everything depends on the context. Some of the words below have several meanings, but here we’re focusing on the meaning within the world of Sociology.

In this article, you’ll learn some key words and expressions that you can find when you start studying Sociology. Learn the words and your level of comprehension and communication will automatically improve.

So, let’s start learning English online!

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Whether you wish to take the IELTSTOEICTOEFLCAEFCEBRIDGEBULATS (Linguaskill) or even the BRIGHT ENGLISH, you need to enhance your English vocabulary in order to prepare for your test. We have have made a long list of vocabulary worksheets:

What Is Sociology and What Does It Aim to Do?

Sociology is the study of individuals, communities and global trends to see how they are related and connected. The idea is that by understanding how attitudes and behaviours are formed, you can understand better how a society works and then compare different societies. People who study Sociology can work in Marketing and Human Resources, join the Police, teach and much more. For a lot of Sociology texts, the main language is English which can make life complicated for non-English speakers. But don’t panic – GlobalExam is here to help! Although the terms can seem intimidating, by learning them you’ll find those Sociology articles much easier to understand.

4 wooden figures next to each other

Is Learning Vocabulary A Difficult Thing To Do?

That’s true – but when learning a language, improving your vocabulary is fundamental. The key isn’t learning all the words, but focusing on the ones which are used the most. This is why GlobalExam doesn’t only provide exercises on grammar, but vocabulary as well. Before we move onto the expressions themselves, here are a few tips to help you:

  • When learning vocabulary, try to study only in your target language. If you want to improve, use your target language as much as possible when studying.
  • Instead of studying 100 words in a block, memorize the vocabulary in sections. Here we’ve split the words into blocks of 20.
  • Highlight the words you already know first. Then study the other words. Suddenly 20 words become 15.

Sociology Vocabulary: Glossary of 100 Most Common Words

AgeismDiscrimination against elderly people
AnalysisA close examination of a situation
Artificial intelligenceA computer trying to imitate human thoughts and behaviour
BehaviourA reaction to a social situation.
Birth rateThe number of people born in a period of time.
BourgeoisieDominant middle class.
Civil partnershipA legal recognition of a relationship between two people. Similar to a marriage.
Class systemHow society is divided with relation to economic and social status.
CommunismAn ideology without social classes. Seen as the opposite of Capitalism.
ConceptualiseTo mentally create an idea of something.
ConsequencesResults of an action.
Consumer CultureThe trend of buying items to be happy.
ContextThe situation in which an action takes place.
CriminologyThe study of crime in society.
CritiqueSimilar to assessment or review.
CultA small religious group, which is often strange or extreme.
CulturalRelating to a specific group and its beliefs / ideas.
Death rateThe number of people who die in a period of time.
DenominationReferring to a particular religious group.
DeterminismThe idea that your actions are dictated by situations so you're not free to choose what you'd like to do.
Words 21-40
DevianceHow much a statistical model is different from a more complete one.
DiscriminationBehave in an unfair way with a certain person or group.
DominantSomething which is more influential or noticeable.
EconomyThe social system which manages money and resources.
EmphasiseTo point attention to a particular point.
EmpiricalAn argument which uses practical evidence rather than theoretical ideas.
EthnicityTo be part of a specific ethnic group.
Extended familyWhen a family includes uncles, aunts, grandparents, etc.
External factorsIssues outside of the school which influence behaviour.
FeminismThe belief that women should have the same opportunities and influence as men.
Fertility rateMeasuring the number of children a woman gives birth to.
Field experimentAn experiment which happens in a real environment.
Gender GapThe difference in abilities or beliefs for males and females.
Gender normsExpected behaviour based on your sex.
Gender rolesExpected social position based on your sex.
GlobalizationAn international economic model influenced by multinational companies.
IdeologyA set of beliefs.
IndividualOne person.
IndustrialisedAn adjective to describe a place with many companies and industries.
Instrumental roleA main influence in a situation.
Words 41-60
InterdependenceWhen several groups or things depend on one another.
Internal factorsSituations within a school which can influence a student.
InvariantSomething which doesn't change.
IssuesProblems, questions.
LabellingBelieving someone's behaviour and beliefs are defined by their gender, ethnicity, etc.
Longitudinal studiesResearch which is done over a long time period.
MarxismA political belief system created by Karl Marx.
Mass cultureCulture created by mass media.
Mass mediaPress, television, internet which provide information to the general public.
Material deprivationWhen you can't afford basic resources.
Matrifocal householdA home where the mother is the decision-maker.
MethodologyAn approach or technique.
MigrationThe movement of people from one area / country to another.
MovementA group of people who have similar ideas and beliefs.
MulticulturalismWhen different groups are all treated in a fair way.
MultidimensionalWith more than one dimension.
NormativeGiving one set of rules.
NormA situation which is common and expected.
Nuclear familyA family with a mother, father and two children.
Words 61-80
OutlineA general explanation.
PatriarchyA male-dominated society.
Peer groupPeople of a similar age or social position.
PerspectiveView, belief.
PositivismAccept things only if you can see or prove them.
PreventionA policy to avoid something negative happening.
PrivatisationTo make a state-owned company privately-owned.
PsychologyStudying the mind to understand individual behaviour.
Qualitative researchResearch based on interviews and observation.
Quantitative researchResearch which focuses on data.
RacismDiscrimination based on someone's skin colour.
RandomisationStudy done with no predictable order in the groups.
Research methodsWays used to prove an idea.
SectA group of people who have similar ideas and beliefs.
SecularizationWhen a society becomes less identified with a religion.
SocialTo be part of a community.
Social classPeople with the same social and economic situation.
Social surveysQuestionnaires used for research.
SocialiseTo mix with people in a community.
Words 81-100
SociologicalRelated to sociology.
StatisticsNumerical data to support ideas.
Status SymbolAn object which increases your standing in society.
StereotypeA social cliché.
StratificationDividing into different levels.
StreamingA method to divide classes in schools by ability.
StructureThe idea that the different parts of society are connected.
StructuralismThe idea you need to look at a social system to understand behaviour.
SubculturesA culture within a culture.
Symmetrical familyA family where adults have equal responsibility.
Synonymous withClosely linked to.
TheoristA person who states a theory, method.
Toxic childhoodHow 21st century technology damages children.
TrendsTendencies within society.
UnderclassPeople at the bottom of the social system.
UrbanizationWhen people move from the country to the cities.
ViolencePhysical aggression.
VocationalSomething with a specific job in mind.
WelfareGovernment support to help with health and finance issues.

Learn English Online with GlobalExam’s E-Learning Platform

Even if English isn’t your native language, you can still do university-level studies in English or find a qualification you want to study for, but it only exists in English. You generally need a B2/C1 level to be able to do this, and this is where GlobalExam can help! You can train for internationally recognised tests, such as IELTS and TOEIC, with lessons which don’t only focus on the test, but also on grammar and vocabulary. You can improve your General English or you can focus on Business English. Our goal is to give you a tool which is flexible and can be used anywhere, making learning English easy no matter where you are. On the website you can find articles presenting different skills and needs, as well as vocabulary sheets to download. With GlobalExam, your learning can fit in around your schedule. Plus, you can track your progress and see where you need to work more. You can even start your training for free.

Although specific vocabulary can seem overwhelming, by starting with the common expressions and phrases, consolidating that with some grammar work, you’ll be up-and-running in no time!

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