Learning English depends on some basic grammar rules, a bit of practice and a broad range of vocabulary. Here you will learn meteorology vocabulary.More and more academic curricula and companies expect their members to speak good English. Indeed, mastering this language has become a criterion to make the difference between candidates. Therefore GlobalExam has developed a solution tailored to each and everyone in order to help you learn English vocabulary.

In this article, you will find:

  • The definition of meteorology;
  • 40 of the most useful meteorological terms and idiomatic expressions;
  • A quiz and a true or false exercise to practice learning this new vocabulary.

If you are looking to stand out and improve your knowledge, this article is made for you. So let’s learn more about meteorology!

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Whether you wish to take the IELTSTOEICTOEFLCAEFCEBRIDGEBULATS (Linguaskill) or even the BRIGHT ENGLISH, you need to enhance your English vocabulary in order to prepare for your test. We have have made a long list of vocabulary worksheets:

What Is Meteorology? Definition and Examples

Meteorology is the study of weather. It belongs to the branch of science which addresses atmospheric phenomena. Meteorological phenomena depend on the variation and alteration of temperature, mass flow, water vapor and atmospheric pressure which define the changes in weather conditions.

For example, clouds, hurricanes, hail and droughts are meteorological phenomena.

Meteorological data is especially used for weather forecasting but many other domains need such information. The farming industry uses meteorology to study the effects of weather on the growth of plants; aviation to manage and regulate air traffic; and renewable energy to conduct research on wind power in order to optimize the installation.

green landscape with a cloudy sky and stormy weather

Meteorology Vocabulary: Glossary of the Most Common Words

Vocabulary
Explanation
Example
Air massA large volume of air which temperature and humidity remain the same at any heightTropical air masses are hot.
Below freezingA temperature inferior to 0 degrees Celsius (32F)It has often gone below freezing this winter.
Boiling hot (idiomatic)Describes a very hot dayIt is boiling hot today, I wish I had a pool!
BreezeA very light windThanks to the refreshing breeze we did not suffocate from the heat.
ChillyRather cold12°C is a bit chilly for May.
ClearDescribes a blue sky, free of cloudsThe sky is so clear tonight, we can see the Moon.
ClimateAverage weather conditions in a given regionEcology aims at fighting against climate change.
CloudWhite or grey masses of water in the skyThe clouds are so big: there is going to be a storm!
CoolA pleasantly cold temperatureAfter that hot day a cool evening is more than welcome.
DegreesThe unit of temperature measurementThe freezer temperature should be -18 degrees C (0° F).
DroughtA long period during which no rain fallsThe crops are all dried in the field due to the current drought.
EasterliesWinds blowing in intra-tropical regions from east to westDakar has a mild micro-climate thanks to trade winds.
ExosphereThe most external part of the atmosphereIn the exosphere, the air is very thin.
FloodHeavy rainfalls leading to overflowsToday’s storms have caused floods in many villages
FogA thick cloud near the earth’s surface which blocks visibilityWe couldn't see the tower because of the fog.
ForecastPrevisions made about future weatherAccording to the weather forecast, we’ll have a sunny weekend.
Freezing cold
(idiomatic)
Describes a very cold temperatureIt was freezing cold on that Christmas night.
FrostIce forming on a frozen surfaceThe frost killed our flowers last night.
HailPieces of ice that fall during a strong rain or stormThe hail destroyed our wind-chill.
HurricaneA violent tropical stormThe hurricane in New Orleans has caused massive damage
IonosphereA ionized part of the atmosphere, comprising the mesosphere and thermosphereThe ionosphere extends from 60 to 1000 km
MildA moderate and smooth temperatureThe weather is quite mild for the season, you won’t need a scarf.
MesosphereThe third layer of the atmosphereThe temperature is lower in the mesosphere due.
OvercastThe clouds blocking the sunThe sky is overcast today, the sun cannot be seen.
PrecipitationAmount of rain or snow falling on a regionThere is a lot of precipitation in Scotland.
RainThe water falling from the clouds on earthFrogs and snails are happy in the rain.
Raining cats and dogs
(idiomatic)
It is raining heavilyWe couldn’t go out last night because it was raining cats and dogs.
ShowerA light rainfallA shower would be so relieving for the plants that are thirsty.
SmogDark fog caused by pollutionThe smog was so thick we couldn’t see nor breathe in the city.
SnowFrozen water falling during winterWithout snow, there is no point going skiing.
StratosphereThe second layer of the atmosphereCommercial aircrafts fly just underneath the stratosphere.
SunThe bright star that warms and lightens earthIt does look like summer’s here: there’s so much sun now!
TemperatureDefines how warm or cold the air is feelingThe temperature is low. Can you turn on the radiator?
ThermosphereThe fourth layer of the atmosphereThe International Space Station orbits in the thermosphere.
ThunderstormA tempest usually with rain, lightning and thunderThe thunderstorm was so strong I couldn’t sleep with all the noise and lightning!
TroposphereThe first layer of the atmosphere above the world’s surfaceThe troposphere is thicker at the equator than at the poles.
WesterliesWinds blowing in extra-tropical regions from west to east.The westerlies are stronger in the northern hemisphere.
WindAir blowing outside which makes the clouds moveThanks to the winds, the sailing boat was traveling very fast.

Meteorology Vocabulary: Practice With a Simple Quiz

What is called the fourth layer of the atmosphere?
What kind of wind is a breeze?
What is called the star that warms earth?
In what order are the atmosphere’s layers classified (from the earth to space)?
What are we to expect in case of a thunderstorm?

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