From the moment they lived in groups, humans have defined rules to make it easier for them to interact. The study of this phenomenon is called sociology. If you’ve never heard about it before, this is your chance to dig deeper into this topic. You will be thankful for its utility in your life.

In this section you will find:

  • The two main branches of research in sociology and definitions.
  • An alphabetical list of popular words and definitions.

These lists of vocabulary will help you to know more about this science.

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Research Vocabulary in The Sociology Department

The two main branches of research in sociology:

Basic research It’s an experimental or theoretical work to broaden and deepen knowledge about phenomena’s foundations and observable occurrences, without a concrete purpose of implementation
Applied research Original work is undertaken to acquire further insights. However, unlike the Basic research, it is primarily directed towards a concrete practical end or objective

Letter A:

Adaptive The aptitudes to live through changes. People may evolve in their features to adjust to their environment, but this happens slowly and stealthily
ADL Activities of Daily Living. The things we do to take care of ourselves and our body like washing, eating, etc.
Adultism A hold that adults have over younger people or children, for example by dictating their life choices.
Affinity People who have the same interests in life and who recognise each other, they often desire similar things and share their activities
Agriculturalism A society that has founded its means of survival on growing crops and raising livestock. Mainly life in the countryside or in the open air
Alienation It can refer to a person who is deprived of his or her abilities, faculties or rights.Its meaning can be extended to a society that deprives members of their rights, their actions are dictated by a higher authority in the social hierarchy
Allophone An individual, excluding indigenous people, who speaks a main language other than the official languages of the country

Letter B:

Babyboom Strong increase in births. Refers to certain periods from 1940’s to 1960’s in Europe.
Bigamist An individual in a marital relationship with two people
Bobby-soxer Young people who followed a fashion trend in the 1940s. Mostly comprising a full skirt, short socks and flat shoes
Body Positivism A social movement that advocates self-acceptance and recognition of the human body’s beauty in its cultural diversity. It rejects stereotypes
Bonding A commitment to the recognition of norms and institutions in a community or family. An awareness of belonging to them
Brewing Action of mingling, merging. It can be referred to the mixing of populations
Bridging They are means that associations set up to link people beyond a divide in a society, such as race, class or religion. They serve as a ‘bridge’ over the barriers of difference

Letter C:

Cainism An impulse to commit murder to someone very close, either biologically or emotionally
Charismatic Someone who has a natural attractiveness that makes him/her popular with the people around him/her.
Clan Can be families bound by real or fictitious kinship, supposedly descended from a common ancestor, and sharing moral and cultural values
Class The category which is assigned to a group of people depending on their position in a community
Cocooning To build a protective shell and to try to maintain the coziness of life as much as possible

Letter D:

Dedicated An individual or an institution which is loyal, dutiful, devoted in doing something
De Parentalisation Subordinating parenthood and patriarchal authority to other socially imposed imperatives
Digital Natives The new breed familiar with the use of new technologies and the language of computers
Discrimination Unfavourable treatment on an individual, based on a social or personal feature, and often in opposition to the society’s laws or values
Diversity Refers to the variety of human traits and behaviours that can be encountered in a society

Letter E:

Ecology Environmental awareness leading to study the interaction between society’s activities and their impacts on the natural habitat.
Equation Matching ratio amongst different social groups
Ethnology Comparative and explorative analysis of all social and cultural characteristics
Evolutionism A theory of the species development in humans’ history. It assumes that any civilisation is the result of a continuous progressing process

Letter F:

Favela Brazilian word for a slum, built of makeshift dwellings on the outskirts of big cities
Francisation Process to behave or look like a native French
Fringe This theory conveys an opinion or belief that differs from the currently prevailing conventional teaching in a particular domain
Front According to Erving Goffman, people behave in public as if they were actors, as though they were in a theatre at the head of the stage

Letter G:

Gender theory A multidisciplinary field of studies on the social relations between the sexes
Good society It’s the ideal society that we intend to build around fundamental values such as equality, democracy and sufficiency

Letter H:

Habitus Designates a lifestyle, a general look, clothing, a mindset
Heterogamy An individual seeking a spouse from a different socio-cultural background or country. It’s a phenomenon that wants to bring together unrelated entities in every possible way
Homogamy An individual who seeks a spouse in a social background that matches his or her own
Horde Temporary and unsettled human grouping, often prone to destruction and evil acts

Letter I:

Identity It’s the perception of belonging to a community, in relation to the individual’s representations of the social realities
Institution A social structure that is stable and long-lasting. It embodies a set of beliefs, norms, attitudes and practices
Integration Describes the ways in which members are connected to a community or society

Letter L:

Link A set of relationships binding members of one social group
Low population Qualifying the population density by measuring it. In this case, it’s small

Letter M:

Marginalization The fact that an individual or a group of people strays or is removed from social standards. They are being excluded from society by breaking social ties
Matriarchy It is a social group in which the woman hold the leading role
Melting Pot Members of various nationalities constituting a society that becomes homogeneous, the several cultures merge and form a new rich and harmonious whole

Letter N:

Nomadism It’s a way of living characterised by the movement of human groups to sustain themselves
Nuclearity A family structure composed of a man and a woman, and their children. A model that meets the social norms

Letter O:

Omnivorism Eclectic nature of the individual who used to consume a variety of foods or goods
Openness The opportunity of people in a community to have access in all equity and freedom to its multiple resources

Letter P:

Patriarchy It is a social group in which the man hold the leading role
Phobia The concept that individuals can instil fear in society to influence people to further their political or professional goals by invoking emotional pressure
Phratry A group of families with a shared parentage
Polygamist An individual in a marital relationship with several people thanks to the social system’s tolerance

Letter Q:

Quotidianisation Transforming life’s unpredictability into a certain faith built from everyday situations

Letter R:

Race A group of people with a common heredity and skin colour, seeing themselves or being seen as distinct from other groups
Radicalize Going to the extremes, toughening up a standpoint
Resilience The individual’s ability to cope with trauma and to recover from it

Letter S:

Sexism Involvement to gender or sex-based discriminatory or prejudicial beliefs
Society People living in a community, with shared standards, patterns of behaviour and culture
Sociocratic Sociocracy describes the social structure of an organisation whose governance is determined by a mutual consultation of its members

Letter T:

Tanguy A social tendency for young adults to be reluctant to leave the family nest
Testimonial An evidence provided to corroborate an individual’s assertion
Tribe It represents an early social structure made of individuals grouping together mostly by family ties

Letter U:

Univorous People with very wide ranges of consumption tastes. Often referred to wealthy consumers and of high status
Urbanology It’s a study of the interactions on the society’s organisation and its result in the shape of the city

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