Important English vocabulary words for computers

Master vocabulary is essential to maxmise your TOEIC score. Remember, preparation is the key!

 Vocabulary

Explanation

Example

A browser

A computer program with a graphical user interface for displaying HTML files, used to navigate the World Wide Web.

The website is not optimized enough to run on a browser.

A bubblejet printer

A form of inkjet printer in which the ink is heated, producing bubbles which force droplets of ink on to the paper.

 I decided to try out the bubblejet printer because of the good reviews I got about it.

A chat group

A service provided by certain ISPs that allows a group of people to communicate virtually with each other from their respective systems.

They created a chat group and decided to have the meeting from their desks.

A complimentary disc player

A free device to play discs.

As the MP3 player didn’t work, they provided a complimentary disc player.

A cordless mouse

Also, referred to a wireless mouse or a mouse without wires or cables.

Last week, I replaced my existing mouse with a cordless mouse for just 25 euros.

A cordless  headphones

Refer to headphones without wires or cables.

Last week, I bought a pair of cordless headphones.

A cybernaut

Refers to an expert or habitual user of the internet.

The company is looking for cybernauts to handle their catalogue page.

A desktop computer

Refers to a personal or office computer designed for regular and daily use operated from a single location on or near a desk or a table due to its size and power requirements.

The office discourages the use of desktop computers and gives all of its employees a laptop.

A developer

A person who spends his time developing (usually internet or computer items)

To thrive, the company needs more developers.

A disk drive

A piece of computer equipment that allows information to be stored on and read from a disk.

Disk drive is the best option for protection of data in computers.

A firewall

A device or program that stops people from seeing or using information on a computer without permission while it is connected to the internet.

You may have to disable your firewall to install the program.

A flat screen

A monitor screen or a television screen that is thin and flat.

A flat-screen TV will be perfect for our apartment.

A freeware

A free computer program.

Students use freewares until they can afford to buy their paying version.

A gambling site

Internet pages where you can place bets.

It’s forbidden to use gambling sites at work.

A jam (of paper)

Refers to a situation when a paper gets stuck in a printer that prevents the printer from printing documents.

There was a jam in the printer and it took over an hour to get it resolved.

A key

A key refers to a button on the computer keyboard which when pressed alone or in combination with other causes a specific computational or mechanical operation.

Press the enter key on the keyboard to move to the next line.

A keyboard

Refers to the input device having a set of keys that you press in order to input a text or a command.

I had to replace my keyboard since of the keys were not functioning.

A keyboard shortcut

A quicker route on the keys of a computer.

To copy and paste faster, I use a keyboard shortcut.

A laptop

Refers to a portable computer usually battery operated, compaq to rest on a user’s lap and has a screen that closes over the keyboard like a lid.

I had to replace my laptop because it kept getting crashed from time to time.

A laser printer

A printer that produces very clear text and pictures by means of a laser beam.

Companies these days are switching to laser printers because of the quality it offers in printing documents.

A login

Refers to a name that you enter in order to be able to access a computer system or in order to access an email account online.

 You need to login at the start in order to be able to access the system’s folders.

A network

Refers to a group of systems and other computing hardware devices that are connected together through communication channels to enable communication and resource sharing among users.

There was a network issue due to which communication was lost and hence, we couldn’t complete the work on time.

A password

A secret word or combination of letters and numbers, used for communicating with a computer to prove your identity.

My access got blocked because I typed the wrong password three times.

A personal digital assistant

Also referred to as a handheld PC, or personal data assistant, is a kind of mobile device that functions as a personal information manager.

My family bought me a personal digital assistant for my new university life.

A portfolio (of clients/softwares)

A group of clients/softwares which you do business with.

My portfolio of softwares has increased since I began working.

A printer

A machine that is connected to a computer and prints information onto a paper using ink on giving a command.

 He couldn’t print his resume as he didn’t have a printer.

A projector

A machine throwing an image onto a screen.

To make sure everybody sees the powerpoint, we’ll use a projector.

A resource box

A container for material

If you don’t know what to use, look at the resource box.

A screen

A light-reflecting surface.

His computer screen is a 17-inch one.

A screen  / monitor

An electronic visual display to display the information produced by the video card.

We recently bought a 16-inch monitor as the one we currently use has display problems.

A search engine

A computer program that finds information on the internet by looking for words that you have typed in.

Google is the world’s largest search engine.

A software

A set of instructions or a computer program that performs a specific function.

He’s written a piece of software that calculates your taxes for you.

A spreadsheet

A computer program, used especially by businesses, that allows you to do financial calculations and devise new plans.

The accountant entered the figures into the spreadsheet.

A supply firm

A company providing products or services.

We need a new supply firm for IT.

A tablet

A thin, flat mobile computer with a touchscreen display, which is usually in color, processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single device.

Tablets are the new generation of computers and the most used device today.

A toner cartridge

A small container of powdered ink used in laser printing.

I always prefer toner cartridge because it is stronger.

A toolbar

On a computer screen, a row of icons that can be clicked to perform certain functions.

Using a toolbar will be faster and better for designing your project.

A touch screen

A display screen of a computer, phone, etc. that you touch in order to give it instructions, rather than using a keyboard or keypad.

Touch screen monitors, though expensive are in great demand among consumers.

A USB key

Universal Serial Bus or USB refers to an external device that can be used to store and transfer data or information from one system to another connecting it to a USB port of a system.

She bought USB key so she will transfer all her projects from her computer.

A webmaster

Somebody who maintains a website.

The webmaster is responsible for updating the website.

A website

A link to a set of pages of information on the internet about a particular subject published by a single person or organization.

For more information about other publications and courses, visit our website.

A wireless connection

Not using wires and cables to connect to the internet.

Let’s book that hotel because they provide free wireless connection.

A word processor

A program used for creating and editing documents and letters on a computer.

Which version of word processor do you have on your computer?

An access provider

A company that allows you to use the internet and email.

France’s biggest access provider is Orange.

An email address

A name that identifies an electronic post office box on a network where a message of an e-mail can be sent to.

Give me your email address to send you the application form.

An ink cartridge

A small container of ink for use in an inkjet printer.

Could you please go and buy an ink cartridge?

An ink-jet  printer

An electronic printer that blows ink onto paper using very small jets ( = small openings that push out liquid).

The company is more traditional and orthodox and hence decided to stick with ink-jet printers.

An overnight mail

Refers to an email prepared to be delivered next day.

Send me an overnight mail. I will look into it tomorrow morning.

An update

A modernization.

I don’t like it when my computer requires updates.

Back-end technologies

Technologies from the rear-part of shops.

To develop, back-end technologies are one solution.

Bookmarks

Also called favorites or internet shortcuts to mark and save certain websites for easy reference in future.

I had a lot of bookmarks online but unfortunately, lost them all because my browser crashed.

Data processing

The carrying out of operations on data, especially by a computer, to retrieve, transform, or classify information.

The company has decided to outsource all data processing tasks.

Data  (plural of datum)

Referred to an information, especially facts or numbers, collected, to be examined and considered and used to help in decision-making, or an information in an electronic form that can be stored and used by a computer.

It is always best to back up your data stored in a system.

Database

Collection of data.

Have you tried to improve the current database?

Digital

Refers to recording or storing information as a series of numbers 1 and 0, to show that a signal is present or absent.

Storing data in the form of digital is always a better and more convenient option than papers.

Hardware

The physical parts of a computer rather than the instructions (software) it follows.

Much of our existing computer hardware is obsolete.

Internet access

An access that permits the use of internet.

I didn’t have internet access last month because we didn’t pay the bills.

Online coverage

The way the internet covers an area.

How good is the online coverage in your building?

Streamed video

Continuous online content.

To watch series for free, they use streamed videos.

The internet

A large system of connected computers around the world that allow people to share information and communicate with each other.

I found out about the bombings from the internet.

The loudspeakers

A system that converts electrical impulses into sound, typically as part of a public address system.

The party didn’t happen as the loudspeakers were functioning.

The mouse

A small handheld device which is moved across a mat or flat surface to move the cursor on a computer screen.

Copy the file with a click on the mouse.

The software is …

A set of instructions or a computer program that performs a specific function.

The software you’re using is extremely efficient.

To be an expert at + noun/Verb in ING

To be proficient at, to have a solid expertise in

After doing a doctorate in linguistics, I can say I am an expert at language analysis.

To be likely to do something

To have chances/a probability something happens.

The Prime Minister is likely to change the ministers because of the result of the last elections.

To browse the internet

To look at information on the internet.

I found your site while browsing the Web and was very impressed.

To download

Refers to transferring or copying or moving programs or information or data from one source to another for example from the internet to a computer’s memory.

Last week, I downloaded all the songs of the lastest album of Celin Dion.

To log on /off

To log on refers to start using a computer system or program by entering a password (= a secret word by which the system recognizes an approved user). To log off refers to shutting down the computer program once the work is finished.

About 40,000 gamers have been logging on every day since the website appeared last month.

To plug in /out

To plug in means to be connected or to provide current / electricity by means of a plug while to plug out means to disconnect by removing the plug.

He had to plug in the adaptor in order to charge his laptop.

To process

A series of steps taken in order to achieve a particular end.

The process was automated with the help of a macro to reduce time taken to complete the task.

To provide/supply

To furnish products or services.

Our business partner provides us quality products.

To repair

To fix.

The machine broke down so it needed to be repaired.

To surf the net

Refers to using the internet.

Children are not allowed to surf the net while they are young.

To swipe

To insert in a reader.

Please swipe your card to get in.

To turn on/off a computer

To start or stop a computing device.

I turn on my computer as soon as I get to work.

To type

Refers to write on a computer using the keys of a keyboard.

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